Clean Hop Plants North America

CLEAN HOP PLANTS FOR GROWING

We offer a wide variety of hops for growing purposes which you can learn much more about below. If at anytime you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact us!
Alpharoma

AlphAroma was bred at the Riwaka Research Station in New Zealand. It is a tirploid variety as a cross between Smooth Cone X Open Pollination. It was released in 1983, although it was originally bred in the late 1970's. If AlphAroma Hops is still grown today, its hard to find it commercially.

AlphAroma Hops is a dual use hops with an alpha acid content of 5.8%-10.9%. This variety has a unique oil balance with highly abundant myrcene oil , lower than norm caryophyllene oil (3.4%-7.7%), and moderately high farnesene oil (3.2%-6.7%). This combination help to give AlphAroma its bold name.


Bitter Gold (VF#1170)


Released in 1999, Bitter Gold is a high alpha variety with excellent aroma capabilities. Its lineage includes Brewer's Gold, Bullion, Comet and Fuggle. Bitter Gold offers limited aroma when used as a bittering hop but delivers diverse stone and tropical fruit flavors in later additions. Aromas, pear, watermelon, stone fruit and fresh cut grass.

Cascade


Cascade Hops aroma and flavor is best summed up, as simply, American Pale Ale. There is also New Zealand as well as Argentinean Cascade. This particular variety took life in 1972 and has certainly won some hearts in the brewing industry. Bread by the U.S.D.A in Oregon, Cascade Hops can be found overwhelmingly in a number of commercial U.S. beers.

Cascade hops contains moderate alpha acid content ranging from 4.5% to 7%. Its real strength is in the aroma, as it was the premier aroma hop developed in the U.S. This mettlesome grower bears a verdant, botanic bouquet. It carries some spicyness to it as well. The aroma of Cascade also comes with citrus, sometimes compared to grapefruit. This no doubt comes from the higher levels of myrcene. Farnesene also registers fairly high in Cascade, which is used in the perfume and food industry.

Cashmere

Released by Washington State University in 2013, this hop is a direct daughter of Cascade. Though closely related to Cascade it has many unique flavor and aroma characteristics. Brynildson said “I get coconut on the rub, I don’t find coconut in hops very often.” Its aroma is described as having strong melon, fruity (lemon, lime peel, pineapple), coconut, and spicy notes. Cashmere contains more alpha acid than Cascade, twice as much humulene, and no farnesene. The beer was nice and smooth and had a wonderful nose and aftertaste. This will be a hop to watch for as production ramps up. There is very limited availability right now.

A late season harvest variety. Contains a higher alpha acid content than Cascade and twice as much humulene. Provides smooth bitterness with mild aroma.Beta Acids6.4 - 7.1%, Alpha acids7.7 - 9.1%,

Centennial

Centennial Hops is a celebration of the gods in a medium compact cone form. Named after the Washington State festival sharing the same name, this variety was another brain child of the USDA. Once again, Brewer's Gold Hops was used along with Fuggle, East Kent Golding, Bavarian, and one other unknown variety to produce this dark yello lupulin producer.

Centennial Hops was first created in 1974 and boasts an alpha acid rating of 9.5%-11.5%. It is sometimes referred to as a Super Cascade, however it is lighter on the citrus aromas. Centennial works undoubtedly well in Pale Ales and India Pale Ales, where some bottomline bitterness is needed with the top end aroma. The floral flavor and aroma of this variety is evident in many commercial beers.

Chinook

This green bine cultivar (W-421-38) was released in May 1985 in Washington State and Idaho from a cross between a Petham Golding and a USDA-selected male (63012M). Slightly spicy and very piney. Its alpha acid content ranges from 12 to 14%. Substitutes for bittering: Eroica, Galena, Nugget. Substitutes for aroma and flavor: Southern Cross, Sticklebract.

Chinook is middle of the road for its harvest yields, and produces medium compact cones. It features some resistance to common diseases, however is susceptible to Powdery Mildew. Chinook is more widely used in the US and is a part of some very compelling commercial beers.

Cluster L-8

Originated from mass selection of the Cluster hop, which is an old American cultivar. It is suggested that they arose from hybridization of varieties, imported by Dutch and English settlers and indigenous male hops. A late ripening Cluster cultivar. Also known as Golden Cluster. They can give a black currant aroma/flavor. Substitutes: Brewer's Gold.

VIGOR: Excellent,YIELD: High, 2000 lbs/acre, SIDE ARM LENGTH: 24-36 inches, ALPHA ACIDS: 5.0% (4 year range: 4.1 to 6.4%), BETA ACIDS: 4.7% (4 year range: 3.7 to 5.5%), COHUMULONE: 42%
STORAGE STABILITY: Excellent
OIL: 0.34 ml/100 9 (4 year range: 0.19 to 0.46)
Humulene 13.4%; caryophyllene 4.9%; myrcene 58.1%
Farnesene o.3%. H/C ratio = 2.74

Columbia

Sibling of Willamette released in 1976 but with higher alpha (5-6%); triploid with a Fuggle parent; often substituted in trade for Fuggle

Tetraploid Fuggle (USDA 21003) x Fuggle seedling 2-4

Crystal (VF#1145)

An American triploid variety developed in 1993 from Hallertau, Cascade, Brewer's Gold and Early Green. It is spicier than Hallertau (cinnamon, black pepper, and nutmeg). Substitutes: any Hallertau variety, Mount Hood, Liberty.
Fuggle (VF#1126)

Classic English aroma hop which is known as Styrian Goldings in Europe and is a parent of many New World hops such as Cascade, Centennial and Willamette. This variety was noticed growing "wild" in the hop garden of George Stace Moore's house atHorsmonden in Kent, England in 1861. In 1875 it was commercialised by Richard Fuggle who lived in the village of Brenchley (not far from Horsmonden) and hence it was called Fuggle. The aroma is earthier and less sweet than Goldings. Substitutes: Willamette.
Galena (VF#1127)

A cultivar developed in 1968 from Brewer's Gold by open pollination in Idaho. An open pollination means that the male hop is unknown. The alpha acid content is relatively high—11.5 to 13.5%—but its co-humulone content and its beta acid range are also high.
Glacier

Glacier Hops is a balanced dual purpose hops. Its composure lends itself to many applications in many styles of beers. Glacier's alpha acid rating averages around 5.5% and its flavor and aroma profile are suitable for both English and American style ales. It contains moderate humulene, myrcene, and caryophyllene oils, all in good balance. The aroma has citrus notes, and hints of fruit, as well as an herby and woody aroma. The bitterness is active and satisfying.

Glacier Hops triumphs on its ability for high yields ranging from 2400 - 2600 lbs/acre. Medium compact bulbs grow at a moderate pace until they are ready for harvest mid-season. Glacier's only strife is its ability to ward off mildew, the plague of the beer community. However, this new variety has taken hold, and will continue to win over some brewer's in the future. Look out for it, and try it out when you can.

Hallertau m.f. (VF#1180)

World wide renowned as noble aroma hop used for flavoring premium-type beers. Production is limited to a small acreage in Bavaria. Hop has been replaced in recent years by higher yielding German aroma hops such as Hersbrucker (USDA 21185 or 21179 and other Hersbrucker selections), Perle (USDA 21227), Hallertauer Gold (USDA 21671), and most recently by Hallertauer Tradition (USDA 21672). Hallertauer Gold and Hallertauer mittelfrueh are sometimes marketed together under the trade name "Hallertauer" or "Hallertau hops".
Horizon

American high alpha cross made in Oregon in 1970. Horizon and Nugget share a common parent (#6500

High alpha acids content coupled with very low cohumulone content. Medium to good yields.

Magnum (VF#1168)

A high alpha acid bittering hop with mild flavor and low aromatic characteristics. Commercial examples include Sierra Nevada Torpedo, Pale Ale, and Badgers Snatch. 11.0 to 16.0% alpha acid

Mt. Rainier


Originally cultivated in Oregon. Mount Rainier has a complex parentage, including Hallertau, Galena, Fuggles and other hops, and exhibits some noble hop characteristics, but is higher in alpha acid. The aroma is reminiscent of licorice with a hint of citrus.

Excellent dual purpose hop. Excellent floral and noble aromas, with citrus and licorice overtones. Similar to Hallertau but with more bittering strength.

Newport

Newport Hops was developed by the USDA as a descendant from Hallertauer Magnum Hops crossed with a male USDA variety. It was designed to battle mildew, and was done with success.

Newport Hops was released in 2002, and is an alpha hops used primarily for bittering. Newport has an alpha acid rating at 14.5%-17.0% and has a high beta acid count at 7.2%-9.1%. Newport also shares in a very high co-humulone content at 36.0%-38.0% which can add some off flavors. Of the oils myrcene is very high, and itself carries an earthy citrus blend with tones of wine sometimes balsamic. Newport is best used at the beginning or mid boil for bittering purposes.

Nugget

Nugget Hops was released in 1982 by the U.S.D.A and is a cross between Brewers Gold and a high alpha acid male. Nugget Hops is the mother of Millenium Hops and ranks second for amount grown Oregon and by 1991 had taken over 14.1% of U.S. hop production

Nugget Hops has an acute bitterness from its 9.5%-14.0% alpha acid content. It provides the umph in many beer styles that require the hop jolt including imperial style ales. Its a dual use hops that has green, herbal aroma. It has a relatively low co-humulone oil content. The myrcene oil is on the high side, which helps provide some of the woody tones.


Pocket Tallisman (VF#1183)

Substantially reduced internode length (about one half of Talisman) and thought to be suitable as dwarf hop to be grown on a low trellis. Ruffled, unattractive cone type with very long tracts and bracteoles that are twisted irregularly. Rhizomes have a large number of buds similar to crown gall infection in visual appearance but buds often fail to grow even under ideal conditions, and therefore this hop is extremely difficult toestablish under field conditions.
Sorachi Ace

Japanese dual purpose hop seeing increased usage in 2008 after hop shortages in the Western world. Imparts an unusual lemon/"bubblegum" and dill pickle flavour

high yield potential; pleasant European aroma characteristics; high alpha acids potential

Tettnang

American Tettnanger Hops gets its heritage from a clone of Swiss Tettnanger, which originated from the variety found naturally from the Tettnanger region in Germany near the southern border. German Tettnanger is a land race variety that is esteemed in its tradition for German-Style Lagers and Pilsners.

U.S. Tettnanger is a dual use hops that is regarded as a noble variety. It is comparable to saaz in many ways, and has a clean bitterness character coming from its low alpha acid content (4.0%-5.0%). The alpha beta ratio is nearly 1:1, and the co-humulone is low at 20.0%-25.0% giving it the noble character foundation. The aroma is a floral spice and comes from the moderately abundant oils, including farnesene oil. American Tettnanger is going to be suitable for kettle additions for both aroma and bitterness, and is going to make a suitable dry hopper as well.

Triple Pearle

As you may guess from the name it is a triploid daughter of Perle. “Triploids are a good way of getting more positive characteristics from the parents while avoiding the negative ones” said Scott Dorsch. Triploids also have the benefit of producing heavier cones and lower seed production even in high seed years. This hop was released by the USDA-ARS in late 2013. Its aroma is described as mellow and pleasant, reflecting citrus (orange, rind/zest), melon, resin, pepper, and spicy notes. The beer carried some spice and citrus but was an earthier spice than Tahoma. It will be tough to get a hold of this one in any quantity for a while as well.

A mid season harvest variety. Alpha acids 10.25-11.2%, Beta acids 3.3-4.2%. Expected to be utilized as an aroma variety, similar to Perle, but with more pronounced aroma characteristics.

Ultra

A triploid aroma-type cultivar, originated in 1983 from a cross between the colchicine-induced tetraploid Hallertau mf (USDA 21397) and the diploid Saazer-derived male genotype (USDA 21237m). Ultra is the half-sister to Mount Hood, Liberty and Crystal. Its genetic composition is 4/6 Hallertau mf, 1/6 Saazer, and 1/6 unknown. This cultivar was released for commercial production in March, 1995. It has a peppery, spicy aroma similar to Saaz. Substitutes: Crystal, Saaz, Tettnanger.

similar aroma profile to Hallertauer mittelfrueh; high yield potential

Vanguard

Vanguard was originally bred in 1982, but did not get released until 1997. That certainly makes you wonder how many varieties there are that have yet to see the open market. Exciting... Vanguard is a cross between USDA 21285 and USDA 64037M. USDA 21285 was a bred in Parma, Idaho and is a cross between Hallertauer Mittelfrueh X Open Pollination. The pedigree of 64037M is unknown . According to the USDA archives Vanguard Hops was tested by Anheuser Busch Inc. from 1994-1999.

Vanguard Hops is an aroma variety and carries similar acid characteristics as Hallertauer Mittelfrueh . The alpha acid content is low ranging from 4.4%-6.0% with higher beta acid (6.0%-7.0%) and a staggering low co-humulone content at 14.0%-16.0%. This makes for very smooth and subtle bitter qualities. Vanguard comes equipped with higher than normal humulene oil, which itself is bound in woody and herbal character that produces a spicy essence over long boils. Vanguard is ripe for German-Style beers, but its application does not stop there. It is going to add to the aroma complexity for any number of ales, including Stouts and Imperial Stouts

Willamette

Willamette Hops was named after the mighty river that pours through the Willamette Valley in Southern Washington and Northern Oregon. It was developed and released by the U.S.D.A in 1976 and has taken root on the craft brewing industry and accounts for about 20% of total U.S. hops acreage. Willamette was a triploid seedling of Fuggle, which is a quintessential English variety that has shaped decades of brewing

Willamette Hops is an aroma variety with a low alpha acid content at 4.0%-6.0%. Although it can contribute slightly to the bittering of abrew, Willamette dominates its usage for its flavor and aroma. Of the oils in Willamette, myrcene (30.0%-55.0%), humulene (20.0%-30.0%), as well as farnesene (5.0%-6.0%) are all elevated above the norm. This results in a delicate peppery herbacious spice that has both fruit and floral essence .

Zatecki Cerveni

Old world Czech Republic variety. Very little information available on this variety.